What is Koine Greek?
Koine Greek is another name for Biblical Greek. The word “koine” means “common” from the word “koinonia” which means “fellowship” in the sense of being common to all involved.
Koine Greek was the common form of Greek spoken and written during the Hellenistic period, the Roman Empire, and the early Byzantine Empire. This form of Greek spread following the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, and it was used as the common language in a lot of the Mediterranean region and the Middle East during the following centuries.
The Greek old covenant (old testament) writing was sometimes referred to as the Septuagint. The Septuagint (also identified as: LXX) is a translation of the old Hebrew texts along with the spoken language; it was made by approximately seventy scholars in Alexandria, Egypt, during the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus from about 285 to 247 B.C.
The Greek gospels and new covenant (new testament) writings or books were initially written in Koine Greek during from the 1st century which allowed the people from all backgrounds to be able to read and speak the words that were written.